With this Readymixed Concrete Volume Calculator, just enter the dimensions of the area to be concreted and you will
be provided with the cubic metres of ready mixed concrete required for your project.
We also have an 'Imperial' version of this calculator here.
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Desirable properties in a concrete mix
- Ensure the concrete mix is workable which allows correct placement and consolidation
- Ensure the optimum desired quality of the hardened concrete is met which improves resistance to
freezing and thawing, water tightness (low permeability) , wear resistance, and strength
- The quality of the concrete is dependant mainly on the water to cement ratio, so water requirements should
be minimised to reduce the cement requirement thereby reducing the overall cost
- The mix should be a stiff as possible
- Use the largest aggregate practicable
- Use the optimum ratio of fines to coarse aggregate
- A low water to cement ratio is the number one issue that affects concrete quality. Do not add too much
Components in concrete
- Portland Cement - the aggregate and sand is coated by a paste formed from the cement and water. This paste
then hardens and binds the fines (sand) and aggregate together
- Water - this is needed to chemically react with the cement and to make the concrete workable
- Aggregate - The fines are sand and gravel or crushed stone is the coarse aggregate (10, 20 & 40mm) in
Admixtures in Concrete
- Accelerators - added to the concrete to reduce overall setting times and gain early strength. Calcium
chloride is the lower cost accelerator, however a non-chloride accelerator should be specified if reinforcing
has been used, to prevent corrosion of the steel
- Retarder - used in hot weather to delay setting. Also used for difficult jobs and specialist finishes. May
also act as a water reducer
- Fly Ash - improves workability, easier to finish and reduces the cement content
- Air Entrainment - improves the workability of the concrete as well as the durability